Certification Criteria
The BrickClean Network worked on a certification criteria since 2010.  The criteria was finalized at a workshop held at NASC, Jawalakhel on 28 December, 2010.  The Scores for all criteria are 0 (for Red), 1 (for Orange) and 2 (for Green).  Some criteria were given additional weightage according to their collective importance.

SOCIAL

Specific Objective I. Eradicate Child labour
CRITERIA RED ORANGE GREEN
1.1 Worst form of child labour include commercial sexual exploitation, of children, digging, transporting, firing and coal crushing
Other forms of child labour include moulding, stacking, drying, and handling of animals.
Presence of children below 18 engaged in worst forms of child labour as per ILO 182 and 138 Workers between 14 and 18 engaged in other forms of child labour as per Child Labour Act, 2000. No presence of workers <14 engaged in WFCL No evidence of worst forms of child labour for children below 18
1.2 Entrepreneur commits to eradicate child labour No commitment Agrees to participate in programmes that protest child labour Signs commitment
1.3 Education Children are not going to school and are at work 14- 18 yrs children are at work and some of them are going to school All children are enrolled in school and CDC
Specific Objective II: Improve Living and Working Conditions of Labourers
2.1 Nutrition status of children below 5 years by severity Presence of children with severe acute malnutrition (below -3 standard deviations/WHO standards) Presence of children with mild/moderate malnutrition. ( below -2 standard deviations) No evidence of Severe acute malnutrition or within national standards
2.2 Nutrition status of children below 5 years by occurrence: (National average: 39% Underweight, NDHS, 2006) Above National average Below National average (39%) No evidence of underweight children or within national standards
2.3 Bonded labour (defined as labourer fully controlled by employers/naikes and unpaid) - Debt bondage (defined as: advance taken from naikes/employers and work to repay the loan.) Presence of bonded labour and/ or debt bondage. Payment per piece, partial and irregular payment given monthly. No evidence of bonded labour and debt bondage payment is done monthly and without deduction fully by the EP
2.4 Leave allowance for workers No leave allowed Leave allowed but not paid One day per week paid leave
(Labour law is complied with)
2.5 Occupational health hazards:
Note :
Measured by occurrence of Respiratory Particulate Matter (RPM),(Threshold limit value -3mg/M3) in the different (moulding, loading and unloading) working areas.
RPM above the Threshold Limit Value in all (moulding, loading and unloading) working areas RPM within Threshold Limit Value at least in any of the two working (moulding, loading and unloading) areas. RPM within Threshold Limit Value in all (moulding, loading and unloading areas)
2.6 Sexual harassment, gender-based violence and discrimination (e.g. differences of salary between men and women) No complaint and reporting mechanism in place; cases of sexual harassment are unreported and unaddressed Complaint and reporting mechanism is present but there remain cases of violence and discrimination Complaint and reporting mechanism is effective, reporting and addressing, cases of sexual harassment
2.7 Regular health check-ups (defined as occurrence of at least two health check ups per season) and psychosocial support No health checkups in the season. Organized by the employers but not covering all the workers and children. Health check-ups and psychosocial support for all organized by the employers.
2.8 Child Development Centres Not in existence Established but not yet following all minimum standards (commonly endorsed by the Network) CDC follows minimum standards
2.9 Staff living quarters Not separate At least 50% of living quarters are improved. Separate living quarters for single male and female workers. Separate space for older children in the families.

Health; Sanitation / Drinking Water

 
CRITERIA RED ORANGE GREEN
2.10 Access to clean and safe drinking water (compliance with SPHERE standards) No access to clean and safe drinking water. Provision of untreated and unsafe water. Provision of clean and safe drinking water at the kiln site (No faecal coliforms and chemical impurities in water.)
2.11 Availability of sanitation facilities ( compliance with SPHERE standards)
No toilets are available, presence of open defecation Limited number of toilets available, their condition are dirty/un-healthy Enough and separate toilets (for male and female) available for all the workers, conditions of toilets are clean

Environment / Air Quality

Specific Objective III: Reduce Air pollution and other environmental impact
CRITERIA RED ORANGE GREEN
3.1 Suspended particulate matter (SPM)
3.2 Note: National Emmision Standards For VSBK: 400mg/Nm3), Fixed chimney: 700mg/Nm3
SPM emission above 700 mg/Nm3 SPM emission between 400 to 700 mg/Nm3 SPM emission below 400 mg/Nm3
3.3 Consumption of wood as additional fuel source
Use of wood in Regular firing N/A No use of wood in regular firing
3.4 Use of tyres/rubber as alternative energy source Regular use of old tyres, plastics N/A No use of old tyres, plastics
Specific Objective IV: Eradicate animal abuse
4.1 Animal abuse (For details please see the annex). Worst form of animal abuse Animal abuse present but improvements being implemented No animal abuse

PROPOSED SCORING SYSTEM:

67% AND ABOVE : EXCELLENT (GREEN)
It implies that the employer is very good in pursuing social responsibility in the areas of eradicating child labour, improving living and working conditions of the workers, maintaining hygiene, access to safe drinking water and toilets to the workers and environment-friendly approaches with no animal abuse.

34% TO 66% : IMPROVING
(ORANGE)

The entrepreneur has taken some positive steps such as establishment of child development centres, increased access to safe drinking water, reducing child labour etc. to improve social responsibility but needs to fulfill other criteria to move on to Green category.

LESS THAN 33%% : WORST CATEGORY (RED)
Entrepreneurs have little or no desire to change. They most probably employ child labourers, bonded labourers, practice animal abuse and there is no awareness of environmental impact of brick kilns.


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